Developing Stored Procedures

Virtual DataPort provides an API to develop custom stored procedures written in Java.

After developing a stored procedure, you have to import it into the Virtual DataPort server. The section Importing Stored Procedures of the Administration Guide explains how to do it.

The Denodo Platform provides examples of stored procedures and their source code. They are located in DENODO_HOME/samples/vdp/storedProcedures. The README file in this path contains instructions to compile and install them.

We strongly recommend using the Denodo4E plugin for Eclipse to develop stored procedures. The file README in <DENODO_HOME>/tools/denodo4e explains how to install this plugin.

The classes and interfaces for developing stored procedures are located in the package com.denodo.vdb.engine.storedprocedure

This section describes briefly the use of its main classes. See the Javadoc documentation of the API for further details on these classes and their methods.

To create a stored procedure, create a new Java class that extends com.denodo.vdb.engine.storedprocedure.AbstractStoredProcedure


Every time a stored procedure is invoked, the Execution Engine creates an instance of this class. Therefore, this class may have attributes that store the state of the procedure during its execution, such as the number of processed rows if the query processes a result set.

You have to override the following methods:

  • public String getName()

    This method has to return the name of the stored procedure.

    It cannot return NULL.

  • public String getDescription()

    This method has to return the description of the stored procedure.

    It cannot return NULL.

  • public StoredProcedureParameter[] getParameters().

    This method is invoked once every time the procedure is invoked.

    It has to return an array with the input and output parameters of the stored procedure. Each parameter is represented with a StoredProcedureParameter object. A StoredProcedureParameter object specifies the name, type, direction (input and/or output) and “nullability” (if accepts a NULL value or not) of a parameter.

    If a parameter is a compound type, an array of StoredProcedureParameter objects must be specified to describe its fields.

    This method cannot return NULL. If does not have input nor output parameters, it has to return an empty array.

    Example : the Definition of the parameters of a stored procedure with compound fields contains a method getParameters() of a stored procedure that has the following parameters:

    • An input parameter of type text

    • An output parameter that is an array of registers. These registers have two fields: field1 (text) and field2 (int)

Definition of the parameters of a stored procedure with compound fields
public StoredProcedureParameter[] getParameters() {

    return new StoredProcedureParameter[] {
            new StoredProcedureParameter("parameter1", Types.VARCHAR, StoredProcedureParameter.DIRECTION_IN),
            new StoredProcedureParameter("compound_field", Types.ARRAY, StoredProcedureParameter.DIRECTION_OUT,
                    new StoredProcedureParameter[] {
                            new StoredProcedureParameter("field1", Types.VARCHAR,
                            new StoredProcedureParameter("field2", Types.INTEGER,
                                    StoredProcedureParameter.DIRECTION_OUT) }) };
  • public void doCall(Object[] inputValues)

    The Execution Engine invokes this method when this procedure is called.

    If the procedure has to return results, invoke the method getProcedureResultSet():StoredProcedureResultSet of the superclass to obtain a reference to the list of rows that this procedure will return. Then invoke the method addRow(...) of StoredProcedureResultSet for each row you want to return.

    Example : let us say that the procedure has a single output parameter called compound_field as the one defined in Definition of the parameters of a stored procedure with compound fields. The following code snippet builds a row and adds it to the result set:

Stored procedures: building a row of a compound type
protected void doCall(Object[] inputValues) throws
            SynchronizeException, StoredProcedureException {
    Object[] row = new Object[1];
    List<Struct> compoundField = new ArrayList<Struct>(values.size());
    List<String> fieldsNames = Arrays.asList("field1", "field2");
     * 'values' was generated before
    for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> value : values.entrySet()) {

        List structValues = Arrays.asList(value.getKey()
                                          , value.getValue());
        Struct struct = super.createStruct(fieldsNames, structValues);

    row[0] = createArray(compoundField, Types.STRUCT);

Optionally, you can override the following methods:

  • public void initialize(DatabaseEnvironment environment)

    The Execution Engine invokes this method once every time a query executes this stored procedure. This method can be overridden to perform initialization tasks.

    The object DatabaseEnvironment provides several methods that can be useful for the execution of the procedure.
    • Execute queries with the methods executeQuery and executeUpdate.

      Some of the signatures of these methods have a parameter Object[] parameterValues. In these methods, you can indicate the parameters in the VQL statement with the placeholder ? and then, pass its value in the array.

      To cancel all the queries executed from the stored procedure, execute this:

      ((DatabaseEnvironmentImpl) this.environment).cancelQueries()

    • Execute VQL commands with method executeVqlCommand.

      Some of the signatures of this method have a parameter String databaseName which indicates the database where the command is executed.

      We strongly advise against executing commands that modify the metadata of a production environment.

    • To obtain a reference to other stored procedures, invoke lookupProcedure(...).

    • To obtain a reference to functions, invoke lookupFunction(...).

    • To create a new transaction, invoke createTransaction(...).

    • To add a stored procedure to the current transaction, invoke joinTransaction(...).

    • To write a message to the Server’s log, invoke log(...).

    • To obtain the value of a Server’s property, invoke getDatabaseProperty(...) The properties that can requested are CURRENT_USER (user name of the current user) and CURRENT_DATABASE (current database).

    You can obtain a reference to DatabaseEnvironment from other methods by invoking super.getEnvironment().

  • public boolean stop()

    The Execution Engine invokes this method when a query involving this stored procedure is cancelled. The class AbstractStoredProcedure provides a default implementation of this method that does not do anything and only returns false.

    If the tasks executed by this procedure can be cancelled, override this method and cancel them. If this procedure opens any connection to other systems, opens files, etc., close these resources from this method.

    If this method returns true, the procedure must guarantee that it will finish after this method is invoked. If the procedure will not finish after invoking this procedure, return false.

    If this procedure does not overwrite this method, the Execution Engine will try to interrupt the execution of this procedure and the queries started by it. Therefore, overwriting this method is not mandatory, although recommended.

  • public void prepare()

    The Execution Engine invokes this method when it is about to begin a transaction involving this procedure.

  • public void commit()

    The Execution Engine invokes this method to confirm the current transaction.

  • public void rollback()

    The Execution Engine invokes this method to undo the current transaction.

  • public boolean caseSensitiveParameters()

    If the name of the input and output parameters defined by the stored procedure are case sensitive, override this method and return true.

  • public void log(level, message)

    Log a message to the Virtual DataPort logging system. The message will be added to the log category with the name of the class of this procedure. I.e. if the class of the procedure is com.acme.procedure1, the message is added to the category com.acme.procedure1.

    If this log category is enabled, the message will be logged to <DENODO_HOME>/logs/vdp/vdp.log.

    To enable a log category, modify the <DENODO_HOME>/conf/vdp/log4j.xml or invoke the LOGCONTROLLER stored procedure. See more about this in the section Configuring the Logging Engine of the Administration Guide.

AbstractStoredProcedure provides other useful methods:

  • static java.sql.Struct createStruct(Collection values, int type): This method creates a struct SQL-type object. Invoke this method to create a register of elements. See an example in Stored procedures: building a row of a compound type.

  • static java.sql.Array createArray(Collection values, int type): This method returns an array. Invoke this method to create an array of elements. The elements of the list have to be of the type java.sql.Struct. You can create them by invoking the method createStruct(...). See an example in Stored procedures: building a row of a compound type.

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