Viewing the Schema of a Base View¶
To open a base view and view its schema, double-click the view in the Server Explorer. Click Edit to modify it.
In this dialog, you can do the following:
Renaming the view.
Renaming the fields of the view.
Changing the type of the fields of the view.
Define the primary key of the view. To do this, select the check box beside the type of the fields that form the primary key and click Set selected as PK. The fields will be marked with the icon . To remove the current primary key definition, clear all the check boxes and click Set selected as PK. With Design Studio, click the key icon of the PK column.
Edit the “Source type properties” of the field, by clicking the button . See more about this below, in the section Source Type Properties.
Add a description to a field by clicking its button on the “Description” column.
The description of a field of a base view is propagated to its derived views. If you change the description of a field, the change is propagated to all the derived views that project this field.
For example, let us say you created these views:
The base view BV1 with the field F1.
A selection view V2 created over the base view BV1.
A selection view V3 created over V2.
A selection view V4 created over V3.
If you set the description of the field F1 in the base view BV1, this change is propagated to the field F1 of the views V2, V3 and V4.
If then, you change the description of F1 in the view V3, the change is propagated to V4.
If then, you change the description of F1 in the view BV1, the change is propagated to V2, but not to V3 nor V4 because you explicitly change the description of the field in V3.
You can obtain the description of the fields from:
The JDBC interface.
The ODBC interface.
By executing stored procedure CATALOG_VDP_METADATA_VIEWS.
Besides editing the view, you can also do the following:
Execute: opens the “Execute view” dialog where the user can execute the default query
select * from viewnameor add conditions to the
WHEREclause. See section Querying Views for more details about execution of queries.
Drop: deletes the view. If there are other derived views using the view, these views will also be deleted.
VQL: see the VQL code generated to create the view. See section View the VQL of an Element.
Options: opens a dialog to change the settings of the view. See section Materialized Tables.
Properties: display information about the view such as the owner, last modifier, creation and modification date, cache status, etc.
Associations: displays a dialog listing the associations in which the view participates. See section Associations.
Used by…: displays a diagram with the views that depend on the current one. See section Used By….
Publish: opens the Web service wizard to publish the view as a SOAP Web service or a RESTful Web service. See section Publication of Web Services.
Edit Remote (only available for base views created over remote tables): opens the remote table dialog.
Refresh data (only available for base views created over remote tables): opens the refresh data dialog.
Press Ctrl+F to search a field.
View the VQL of an Element¶
Several dialogs have a VQL button and by clicking it, the Tool displays the VQL of the element. You can find this button in the following dialogs:
In the dialog of data sources
In the dialog that displays the schema of a view
In the dialog to create/edit a SOAP or a REST Web service
This dialog displays the VQL code generated to create the view.
The following options control how the VQL code of the view is generated:
Show dependencies. If selected, the Tool displays the VQL code to create the view and the elements that the view depends on. Otherwise, it shows only the code to create the view but not the elements that it depends on. For example, if we are viewing the VQL of a view and this option is selected, the Tool will display the VQL code to create the data sources that this view depends on.
Include statistics (only for views). If selected, the Tool displays the statements to recreate the statistics gathered for the view.
Drop elements. If selected, all the
CREATE...statements are preceded by a
DROP... CASCADEstatement. Therefore, the generated VQL code will delete, if exists, the element with that name and all the elements that depend on it.
E.g. when a server imports a JDBC data source
ds_jdbc_acme, first it will delete the existing JDBC data source
ds_jdbc_acmeand all the views that depend on this data source.
Replace existing elements. If selected, the statements to create elements will be like this:
CREATE OR REPLACE...As a result, the generated VQL code does not delete the elements that depend on the one that the
CREATEstatement is creating.
E.g. when importing an LDAP data source
ds_ldap_activedirectoryand the server already has an LDAP data source with that name, the Server will replace this data source with the new one. However, it will not modify or delete the views that depend on the existing data source.
Do not replace existing elements. If selected, the statements to create elements will be like this:
CREATE...As a result, if there is already an element with the same name and type, the existing element will not be replaced nor deleted and the statement will fail.
To copy all the VQL statements to the clipboard, press Ctrl+A and click Copy. When using the Design Studio, click Copy to Clipboard.
If Word wrap is selected, the lines will be wrapped at word boundaries (i.e. whitespace) if they are too long to fit.
Edit the VQL of a Derived View¶
From the VQL panel of the derived views (not for base views), you can modify the definition of the view manually, by manually editing the VQL statement that creates the view. To do this, click instead of going to the “Edit view” dialog. Modify the VQL of the view and when you click Save, the view will be recreated with the new statement.
Consider this when modifying the VQL of a view manually:
When you change the VQL of the view from this dialog, the VQL statement also keeps the formatting. That is, it keeps the blank spaces, carriage returns, etc.
You can add SQL comments to the VQL statement of the view. You have to put the comments after the clause
SELECTand the end of the first statement (if the query has the
CONTEXTclause, do not put comments after this clause). For example:
CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW top_customer_by_region AS SELECT... -- Single-line comment ... FROM /* Multi-line comment */ ;
If you put the comments outside this portion of the query, the comments will not be stored.
If later, you edit the view from the “Edit view” dialog, you will lose these changes (you will be shown a warning before you lose the changes).
After modifying the VQL of the view from this dialog, the VQL statement of the view has this at the end:
CONTEXT ('formatted' = 'yes'). This construct causes Virtual DataPort to store the formatting of the view.
By default, when you create/modify derived views from the VQL Shell, the format of the VQL statement is not kept. To preserve the format, add
CONTEXT ('formatted' = 'yes')to the
CREATE VIEWstatement. With this, you do not need to edit the view from the VQL panel to preserve the format.
This dialog displays a diagram with all the views that depend on the current one. On the left side, there is a list of the top-level views that use the current one in their definition. Top-level views are those that are not used to define any other view. Click on one view to display how it is constructed and then, on the right side of the dialog, you can:
Click on the nodes of the tree that represent combining operations (joins, unions, selections, etc.) to display their main properties.
Click on a data source to view its details.
Click on a view or a base view to open the dialog showing its schema.
Click on Save image to export this “tree” into an image file.
Source Type Properties¶
The “source type properties” of a field define the exact type of the field in the source, and depending on the type, its length and number of decimals. In derived views, you can also define the properties of the derived fields.
For example, let us say the type of a field is “text”. If this fields belongs to a JDBC base view, the source type will say if in the database, the field is “VARCHAR”, “CHAR”, “LONGVARCHAR”, “NVARCHAR”, etc.
In the administration tool, the “Source type properties” of the view’s fields are displayed in the tooltip of the field, in the dialog that shows the schema of the view.
For JDBC and ODBC base views, these properties are imported automatically from the database. For other types of base views and for fields defined in a derived view (not propagated from a base view), you have to define them manually (in the “Edit View” dialog). The API to develop custom data sources also has support to indicate these properties for the fields returned by the source.
These properties are used for two things:
When enabling the cache on a view, the Server uses the properties of the fields of the view to define the tables that will store the cached data. This may speed up loading the cache of this view and retrieving data from it.
For example, if the type of a field is
textand the source type properties are undefined (e.g. if this is a JSON base view), the cache engine will store the values of this field in a column of type
VARCHAR. If the source type properties indicate that the type is
CHARof length 3, the cache engine will create a column of type
CHAR(3)for this field. Very probably the database will use less space to store the values of this field and these values will be stored and retrieved faster.
The metadata of the views’ fields are shared with the clients that connect to Virtual DataPort via JDBC or ODBC. If these properties are defined, these metadata are more accurate.