When a query uses non-streaming operations and in addition, it processes a large number of rows, the amount of memory needed can increase rapidly. To avoid excessive consumption, Denodo can swap part of the data to disk. This behavior is controlled by the following parameters:
Maximum size in memory of each node. It limits the maximum amount in memory that Virtual DataPort allows a non-streaming operator to use. If Denodo estimates that this limit will be surpassed, Denodo will swap rows to disk to avoid it. This parameter also influences the memory usage at cache load processes (see section Cache Load Processes for details).
Maximum size of the blocks stored in swap (KB). When Denodo swaps rows to disk, this is the maximum block size it will use for write operations.
Usually, you do not have to change the default values of these parameters. Nevertheless, there are some scenarios where changing them in a specific view brings some performance gains:
Increasing the swap size of a view can avoid swapping, which improves performance. For instance, if a certain join query / view is executed using the hash method, the performance of the execution can potentially be improved by increasing the “Maximum size of memory of each node” parameter of the join view, when the following conditions are met:
There are rows of the view on the right side of the join being swapped to disk. To check this, open the execution trace of the query and check if the property “Swapping” is “yes”.
There is spare space in the heap of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
And the rows entering to the join operation from the view on the right side will not fill a substantial part of the free memory, so the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) will not be forced to do much additional garbage collection.
Increasing the “Maximum size of the blocks stored in swap (KB)” parameter can potentially improve the performance of large order by operations, where Denodo may need to write large amounts of data to disk (in other operations, the data to write is typically naturally segmented by some key, so this parameter will have less significant effect). However, increasing this parameter too much can increase memory usage and affect performance negatively.
By default, Virtual DataPort creates the swap files in the directory
<DENODO_HOME>/work/vdp. If you want Virtual DataPort to create these files in another directory, do this:
Log in to Virtual DataPort with an administrator account.
Execute this command:
SET 'com.denodo.vdb.engine.swap.SwapManager.swapDir' = '<full path to the directory>';
SET 'com.denodo.vdb.engine.swap.SwapManager.swapDir' = '/tmp/denodo_swapping/';
Restart Virtual DataPort.