Lucene supports searching by several fields of an index. When performing a search, you can either specify a field or use the default field. The field names and default field are implementation-specific.
You can search any field by typing the field name followed by a colon
: and then the term you are looking for.
As an example, let us assume a Lucene index contains two fields,
text is the default field. If you want
to find the document entitled “Jakarta Project”, which contains
the text “lucene”, you can enter:
title:"Jakarta Project" AND text:lucene
title:"Jakarta Project" AND lucene
text is the default field, the field indicator is not
The field is only valid for the term that it directly precedes, so the query
will only find “Jakarta” in the
title field. It will find
“lucene” in the default field (in this case the