Denodo Power BI Custom Connector - User Manual
Microsoft Power BI is a suite of business analytics tools for analyzing data and sharing insights. Microsoft Power BI Desktop is part of these tools and it lets you build advanced queries, models and reports that visualize data and can easily be shared with others. Power BI Desktop combines data from disparate databases, files, and web services with visual tools that help you understand and fix data quality and formatting issues automatically.
The Denodo Power BI Custom Connector allows users of Power BI Desktop to connect to and access data at the Denodo Platform making it easy for users to query, shape and mashup data from your Denodo Platform databases to build reports and dashboards that meet the needs of your organization. It also enables Power BI to access Denodo data in DirectQuery mode, which reduces the needs to preload the data.
Installing the Denodo ODBC driver
Given that Denodo Power BI Custom Connector is an ODBC based connector, it is necessary to install the Denodo ODBC driver in the machine that will be configuring and publishing an ODBC DSN for Power BI to use. In order to install the driver, go to the <DENODO_HOME>\tools\client-drivers\odbc folder, where you can find two .zip files:
- DenodoODBC_x86.zip contains the ODBC driver for 32-bit clients.
- DenodoODBC_x64.zip contains the ODBC driver for 64-bit clients.
Unzip the appropriate driver version depending on the Microsoft Power BI Desktop version that you are going to use and then execute the .msi file extracted. A simple installation wizard will guide you through the process.
Creating the DSN
Once you have installed the Denodo ODBC driver (see the Installing the Denodo ODBC driver section) you will need to add a new ODBC data source (DSN). On Windows systems:
- Go to Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Data Sources (ODBC).
- Select Add User DSN or Add System DSN. The difference is that User DSN can only be used by the current user and System DSN can be used by all the users of the system.
- Select the DenodoODBC Unicode driver and click on the Finish button.
In the configuration dialog fill in the following information:
- Data Source (mandatory): name of the ODBC data source (e.g. Power BI - Denodo).
- Database (mandatory): database in Denodo Virtual DataPort.
- Server and Port (mandatory): host name and port of the server that runs Virtual DataPort. The default ODBC port is 9996.
- User Name / Password: credentials to connect to Denodo. These fields may be empty because the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector will request authentication data from Power BI.
In order to get more information regarding the setup of a DSN, check the Denodo Platform documentation.
Creating a Denodo compatible connection string
When creating a Denodo-compatible connection string, we must take into account that the Driver field must be omitted, as this will be transparently set at connection time by the connector itself.
The connection string shall have three mandatory parameters: SERVER, PORT and DATABASE:
Server=<Server name>;DATABASE=<Database name>;PORT=<Port number>
Additionally, it can contain an optional parameter: **SSLmode**:
Server=<Server name>;DATABASE=<Database name>;PORT=<Port number>;SSLmode=<SSL mode>
When writing the connection string, it must be taken into account:
- The connection string must keep the correct order of its parameters: SERVER, PORT, DATABASE and SSLMode.
- The name of these parameters must always be written in the same way. For example, if you choose to write them in upper case, they must always be written in upper case; if you decide to write them capitalized (writing the first letter of a word in uppercase and the rest of the letters in lowercase) they must always be written that way.
Authentication parameters must be omitted, as authentication is configured in later steps.
Selecting a Denodo Power BI Custom Connector
Certified Denodo Connector
Denodo Power BI Custom Connector is certified by Microsoft since the October 2018 release, so you can use the Denodo connector included in Microsoft Power BI. The use of this certified Denodo Connector is the recommended option unless you are using a version of Microsoft Power BI prior to the October 2018 release or if you want to benefit from a patch or fix of the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector (see the DenodoConnect component section) that has not yet been published in Microsoft Power BI or On-premises data gateway.
The Denodo Power BI Custom Connector is also available on the DenodoConnects section of the Denodo support site. You can download this component and then follow the steps in the Configuring Microsoft Power BI Desktop and Installing the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector sections in order to use this Denodo Connector when your Microsoft Power BI does not include the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector (releases prior to October 2018) or when the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector version available on the support site offers a patch or fix that has not yet been published in Microsoft Power BI or On-premises data gateway.
Note that installing the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector is a temporary solution while the required version is not published in Microsoft Power BI or On-premises data gateway. Once the Certified Denodo Connector, pre-installed in Microsoft Power BI, is updated to the version you need, you should uninstall the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector (see the Uninstalling the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector section).
Configuring Microsoft Power BI Desktop
If you need to use a different version of the Denodo connector than the one pre-installed in Microsoft Power BI Desktop, you will need to lower the security level for extensions in Power BI Desktop to enable loading unsigned/uncertified connectors:
- Go to File > Options and settings > Options.
- Go to the Security tab.
- Under Data Extensions, select Allow any extension to load without warning or validation.
- Restart Power BI Desktop.
Installing the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector
You should skip this step if you are going to use the certified connector for Denodo included in Power BI Desktop. Otherwise, once you have installed the correct driver version and configured Microsoft Power BI Desktop, you must install the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector.
The distribution consists of:
- A dist folder containing the .mez binary file for the connector.
- A doc folder containing this user manual.
- README, NOTICE and RELEASE NOTES files that contain information about the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector.
In order to use the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector in Power BI Desktop, you must copy the .mez file into:
C:\Users\[userName]\Documents\Power BI Desktop\Custom Connectors
You will probably have to create the last two folders in this path, therefore, make sure you create them exactly as spelled above.
Uninstalling the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector
When the version of the certified connector for Denodo included in Power BI contains the necessary fixes or updates, uninstall the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector. To do this, delete the .mez file that you had copied into:
C:\Users\[userName]\Documents\Power BI Desktop\Custom Connectors
Using the On-premises data gateway, the [userName] is the user running the gateway service which is NT SERVICE\PBIEgwService by default.
Using the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector
Whether you are going to use a non-certified Denodo connector, after installing the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector you have to start, or restart, Power BI Desktop before beginning to work with it.
In order to connect to data, select the Get Data icon from the Home ribbon and select Denodo in the Database section.
There are two ways to connect to the data source of your choice:
- Via DSN (ODBC data source name)
- Using a connection string
A new window will ask you for the DSN (see the Creating the DSN section) or a Connection String (see the Creating a Denodo compatible connection string), the option to enable the debug mode and the connectivity mode that can be Import or DirectQuery.
The Enable debug mode is an optional field that allows you to add trace information to log files. These files are created by Power BI Desktop when you enable tracing in the application using the Diagnostics tab in the Options menu. Note that the default value for Enable debug mode is false and in this scenario there will be no trace data, from Denodo Power BI Custom Connector, in the log files.
The next step, before showing the Navigator window that displays a preview of the available data in Denodo Virtual DataPort, will request authentication data. The Denodo Power BI Custom Connector supports two authentication types: Windows and Basic.
When you decide to use Windows authentication, Power BI Desktop is going to connect to Virtual DataPort using Kerberos authentication.
You will need:
- Kerberos authentication must be enabled in the Virtual DataPort server.
- The Denodo Virtual DataPort database that the data source connects to must be configured with the option ODBC/ADO.net authentication type set to Kerberos.
- Power BI Desktop must be running in the Windows domain, because the ODBC driver requests the Kerberos ticket from the operating system's ticket cache.
- Make sure the **Advanced Options** page of the DSN configuration contains all the needed configuration for using Kerberos as an authentication method:
For more information, check the setting up process of a DSN in the Denodo Platform documentation.
This authentication type allows you to connect Power BI Desktop to your Virtual DataPort data using your Virtual DataPort server credentials.
Use of DirectQuery
Note that, using the DirectQuery mode for accessing data, changes to the underlying data are not necessarily reflected in the visualizations immediately. Reports or dashboards are refreshed when open (or explicitly refreshed), but otherwise Power BI does keep recently requested data for some time (usually 15 minutes per tile).
See the links below for more information:
Using the On-premises data gateway
The On-premises data gateway (Enterprise gateway) acts as a bridge, providing quick and secure data transfer between on-premises data (data that is in your Power BI Desktop application, not in the cloud) and the Power BI Service, also known as Power BI online, app.powerbi.com or Power BI Cloud. Hence, when you build reports in Power BI Desktop that use Denodo Power BI Custom Connector, you can use the On-premises data gateway to publish and refresh those reports from the Power BI Service. Note that when you publish a report, the associated dataset is also imported, so you can also use it from Power BI Service in order to create new reports.
To enable and use this capability you have to install the August 2018 version of the On-premises data gateway or a later version.
After the installation, you have to sign in and register your gateway. In the On-premises data gateway configurator, selecting the Status tab will allow you to verify that your gateway is online and ready to be used.
Additionally, you can see a Connectors tab with an option to choose a folder to load the custom connectors from in case you want to use a version of the Denodo connector other than the one included in Microsoft Power BI. Make sure you pick a folder that can be accessed by the user running the gateway service which is NT SERVICE\PBIEgwService by default. The gateway will automatically load the custom connector files located in that folder and you should see them in the list of the data connectors. Therefore, in order to allow connectivity via the Microsoft On-Premises Data Gateway using a Denodo Power BI Custom Connector, different to the one incorporated in Microsoft Power BI, you have to copy the .mez file into the folder specified in this step (C:\Users\PBIEgwService\Documents\Power BI Desktop\Custom Connectors by default). Note that when adding or changing a connector you must restart the On-Premises Data Gateway.
After configuring the On-premises data gateway, you need to create a data source for the Denodo Power BI Custom Connector in the Power BI Service using the gateway settings page. Since the ability to connect Power BI Service via the Gateway was introduced in August 2018 as a "Preview" feature, depending on the version of your On-premise data gateway or Power BI Service, you may need to enable the use of custom connectors checking the option Allow user’s custom data connectors to refresh through this gateway cluster.
Now, you will see the Denodo Connector as an available data source that you can create under this gateway cluster.
In order to create the data source, you have to specify the way to connect to the data source of your choice:
- Via DSN (see the Creating the DSN section)
- Using a connection string (see the Creating a Denodo compatible connection string)
And also you have to specify the authentication mode too.
The authentication methods available are Basic and Windows, just as when using the connector in Power BI Desktop.
This authentication type allows you to create a Data Source in Power BI Service to connect to your Virtual DataPort data using your Virtual DataPort server credentials.
When you decide to use Windows authentication, Power BI Service is going to connect to Virtual DataPort using Kerberos authentication.
- In the Data Source Settings, enter the username and password to create the Kerberos ticket.
- Kerberos authentication enabled in the Virtual DataPort server.
- The Denodo Virtual DataPort database that the DSN connects to must be configured with the option ODBC/ADO.net authentication type set to Kerberos.
- In the advanced options of the DSN configuration, consider the type of authentication you want to use:
For more information, check the setting up process of a DSN in the Denodo Platform documentation.
Note that the gateway runs in a service account, NT SERVICE\PBIEgwService by default, so the DSN must be a System DSN or must be defined by the user who runs the gateway.
Single Sign-On (SSO)
If you use Windows authentication, you can enable (under the Advanced settings of the data source) the Single Sign-On authentication schema (SSO) in order to use the same credentials of the user accessing your reports at Power BI for accessing the required data in Denodo.
There are two options for enabling SSO: Use SSO via Kerberos for DirectQuery queries and Use SSO via Kerberos for DirectQuery And Import queries. If you are working with DirectQuery based reports, both use the SSO credentials of the user that signs in to the Power BI service. The difference comes when you work with Import based reports: in this scenario, the former option uses the credentials entered in the data source page (Username and Password fields), while the latter uses the credentials of the dataset owner.
It is important to note that there are certain prerequisites and considerations that you must take into account in order to use the Kerberos-based SSO. Some of these important requirements are:
- Kerberos constrained delegation must be enabled for the Windows user running the Microsoft Power BI Gateway, and configuration of both the local Active Directory and Azure Active Directory environments should be performed according to the instructions offered by Microsoft for this purpose.
- By default, the Microsoft Power BI Gateway sends the user principal name (UPN) when it performs an SSO authentication operation. Therefore, you will need to review the attribute that you will use as a login identifier in Denodo Kerberos Authentication and, if it is different from userPrincipalName, adjust the Gateway settings according to this value.
The Microsoft Power BI Gateway configuration file called Microsoft.PowerBI.DataMovement.Pipeline.GatewayCore.dll.config, stored at \Program Files\On-premises data gateway has two properties called ADUserNameLookupProperty and ADUserNameReplacementProperty that allow the Gateway to perform local Azure AD lookups at runtime. The ADUserNameLookupProperty must specify against which attribute of the local AD it must map the user principal name that comes from Azure AD so, in this scenario, ADUserNameLookupProperty should be userPrincipalName. Then, once the user is found, the ADUserNameReplacementProperty value indicates the attribute that should be used to authenticate the impersonated user (the attribute that you will use as login identifier in Denodo).
It should be taken into account that changes in this configuration file are at the Gateway level and therefore will affect any source with which SSO authentication is done through the Microsoft Power BI Gateway.
Please, check the Configure Kerberos-based SSO from Power BI service to on-premises data sources documentation for any further information.
Once a data source is created for the Denodo Connector, you can refresh Power BI reports. To publish a report on powerbi.com you will need to:
- Select from the menu File: Publish > Publish to Power BI
- Save the report on the computer.
- Select the workspace where you wish to publish.
Most of the limitations explained in this section apply only to the DirectQuery access mode, and make Power BI visualizations show an error like the following:
Filtering when there is only one column in the visualization
Microsoft Power BI Desktop allows you to create a visualization with only one column. In this scenario, whether you try to apply a filter where the result should be a single row, the query will fail.
Filtering using “Top N” filter type when N = 1
When the value of N is 1 using “Top N” filter type, the query will fail.
Scenario on date data types
The Report View in Power BI uses the engine from Microsoft Analysis Services' Tabular Models which, at the time of this writing, does not have support for time zones, nor for DATE or TIME SQL data types. It means that when date types are loaded in Power BI, via Import or DirectQuery mode, they will be represented as Date/Time types. However, the query engine that defines data sets for their use in reports in Power BI is Power Query and this engine supports Date, Time, DateTime and DateTimeZone date types. Both engines, Microsoft Analysis Services' Tabular Models and Power Query, work in an integrated way in Power BI but due to the characteristics and limitations of each one of them, there may be operations that you will carry out with a specific one. Accordingly, consider using the Query Editor to apply filters on date data types that do not have specific support in the Microsoft Analysis Services' Tabular Models engine used by the Report View. After applying the filter you can visualize and handle the data as usual in the Report View.
Furthermore, note that ODBC does not support some SQL-92 data types, including the TIME_WITH_TIMEZONE and TIMESTAMP_WITH_TIMEZONE types. Therefore, values with date types that have time zone information will be loaded in Power BI through the Denodo ODBC driver as TIMESTAMP data types, without time zone.
In addition, from Denodo Platform 7.0 in versions prior to update 20190312, you will get an error in the Report View if you try to use a column with TIMESTAMPTZ data type in a report because it is processed as a TIMESTAMP, due to the limitation of the ODBC driver explained above, and the fact that Virtual DataPort in versions previous to the mentioned update did not allow an implicit cast between TIMESTAMP/TIMESPTAMPTZ data types. Nevertheless, bearing in mind that Microsoft Analysis Services' Tabular Models does not support DateTimeZone types either, you can use the Power Query Editor to apply transformations in your data in order to get its information in types understandable by Microsoft Analysis Services' Tabular Models. For instance, you can transform your DateTimeZone column into several columns where each of them will contain a component of the date: year, month, day, hour, minute and second.
From Denodo Platform 7.0 update 20190312 onwards implicit casts between types LOCALDATE/TIME/TIMESTAMP and TIMESTAMPTZ are supported. This means that if you try to use a column with TIMESTAMPTZ data type in a report, the error is no longer thrown. However, keeping in mind the ODBC limitation and the date handling by the two Power BI engines explained above, columns with time zone information in Denodo are always represented as TIMESTAMP types in Power BI and this may cause unexpected effects due to the need to perform implicit cast when dealing with this type of columns.
Loading TEXT types from Microsoft SQL Server
TEXT types from Microsoft SQL Server allow a very limited number of operators, they cannot be compared or sorted, except when using the IS NULL or LIKE operator. Moreover, Power BI Desktop, through the custom connector, does not allow changing the searchable property with the aim of trying to take into account this limitation. Therefore, this scenario causes an error when you try to add a value of this type in a visualization.